The Kenya Police Service plays an
important role in the maintenance of Law and Order,
the cornerstone for economic growth and the improvement
of quality life in the country. The service has every
reason to be proud and grateful for the Skills, dedication
and courage of its Officers who over the years have
ensured that Kenya remains a haven of peace in the
region. Because of the vital roles the Officers play,
they must always strive to deliver the best possible
Since the appearance of the
HIV and AIDS in Kenya in 1984, the pandemic has caused
the deaths of many Kenyans. The Police Officers were
greatly affected by the disease and a number of officers
were either infected or affected. The department has
therefore; lost many Officers and they remain vulnerable
just like the rest of Kenyans.
As a result of pandemic, many experienced
and skilled Officers have lost their lives and as
such service delivery to the general public has gone
down. More so, resources have been diverted to address
the problem. The replacement of the deceased Officers
or those affected is a costly exercise and time consuming.
Those infected continue to suffer without much assistance
or support and this result to stigmatization and discrimination
at workplace. The Orphans have dropped out of School
and their plight left unaddressed.
The department has conducted countrywide
capacity building workshops to sensitize the officers.
Peer Education programs have been put in place and
over seven hundred officers trained. So far not much
has been done in terms of treatment, care and support
due to the fact that most of the infected officers
have not come up openly or not willing to be tested.
Since the appearance of HIV and AIDS
in Kenya in 1984, the pandemic has caused the deaths
of over two million Kenyans and over 1.5 million people
are infected with the virus.
HIV and AIDS present the greatest
challenge to the development of our country and have
put immense pressure in the Workplace. It has led
to loss of skilled and experienced manpower due to
deaths, loss of man-hours due to prolonged illness,
absenteeism, reduced performance, increased stress,
stigma and discrimination.
In response to this calamity, the government declared
the pandemic a National disaster in 1999, developed
a National Aids Policy and defined an Institutional
framework and intensified intervention measures for
the prevention, management, control and mitigation
of Socio-economic impact of HIV and AIDS.
The Government as a major employer
has provided a policy framework for prevention, treatment,
care and support of infected or affected officers
in the Public Sector to guide respective Ministries
and departments to address HIV and AIDS issues.
The department has over forty thousand
officers both uniformed and civilians and their families.
The officers are spread all over the country.
In March 2004, the Police Department
established AIDS Control Unit and several Sub- ACU’s
in the Provinces. Several programs have been undertaken
and many officers are now sensitized on the pandemic
and the prevalence rate has therefore gone down.
To have healthy and HIV and AIDS free
To create HIV/AIDS awareness, reduce
prevalence rate, maintain and sustain positive behavior
change, enhance care and support and eliminate stigma
and discrimination amongst the Officers and their
To contribute towards the improvement
of the quality of life and health of Police Officers,
and their families.
To reduce the spread of new infections, prevalence
rate, improve the quality of life of those infected
and affected and mitigate the socio-economic impact
of the epidemic in Kenya Police Service.
Within the community of Police Service,
a well managed prevention of new infection, care and
support programmes on HIV and AIDS will be as follows;-
–AS FROM 2004 TO 2006
The following are the achievements
made by the Police ACU for the last three years:-
• Orientation of ACU
18 ACU Committee Members have been
trained in coordination and Management of HIV and
• Orientation of Senior
30 senior officers from Police Headquarters,
Provinces and Formations attended a four days orientation
seminar on HIV and AIDS,
• Launching of Sub-ACU’S
The launching and orientation of
six Sub-ACU committee members were conducted in each
province/Formation/Division in the country.
• Peer Education on
HIV and AIDS
The training of Peer Educators on
HIV and AIDS has been continuous and a total of 1200
Officers have so far been trained Countrywide.
• Training of VCT Counselors
A total of 50 Officers drawn from
Provinces and Formations of the Department have been
trained as VCT counselors. Some of them have been
deployed in the existing VCT centres.
• Establishment and Launching of VCT Centres
5 VCT centres have been constructed,
equipped and Launched in Nairobi. There are other
two small ones at Anti-Stock Theft Unit Gilgil and
Kenya Police College Kiganjo. They are fully operational
and open to all including members of public.
• Development of Behavior
Change Communication Materials (I.E.C.)
The ACU committee members and trainers
from Police Training Institutions have developed Behavior
Change Communication Materials and 20,000 assorted
copies have been distributed to police Stations.
• Acquisition of Protective
Materials- Condoms and gloves
Over 500,000 condoms and 100,000 Hand
Gloves have been collected from KEMSA/NASCOP and District
Hospitals and distributed to stations. The hand gloves
and testing kits are regularly collected and distributed
to VCT centres.
• Dissemination of Public
Sector workplace policy on HIV and AIDS
35 officers (inspectorate and above)
drawn from Nairobi Area command and neighboring formations
within Nairobi were sensitized by officers from DPM
at Kenya Institute of Administration on Workplace
Policy on HIV and AIDS.
• Training of Data clerks
4 officers have been trained on data
management at CDC/KEMRI
• Mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS Program
into core function
Training Curriculum and Guide on HIV
and AIDS for the Training Institutions have been developed
and 20 Officers from Institutions have been trained
as TOTs. Some copies of Curriculum have been distributed
to the training Institutions.
• Equipping and furnishing
of ACU offices
The ACU offices/Secretariat have
been equipped, furnished and are currently operational.
• Monitoring and Evaluation
The monitoring and evaluation exercise
was conducted in the Months of January and February
2006 in all the Provinces to
asses progress at the stations in the fight against
HIV and AIDS and the performances of Sub-ACU committees.
• Provisions of VCT
Counseling and Testing Services
The provision of Voluntary counseling
and testing services were provided in the 7 VCT centres
The year 2005;-
August - 103
September - 126
October - 125
November - 116
?December - 83
The year 2006
1. GSU Head Quarters - 1249
2. GSU Training School - 621
3. Kenya Airports Police - 740
4. Nairobi Area Hqtrs. - 038
5. South B Police Lines - 216
6. Kenya Police College Kiganjo - 747
7. Anti-Stock Theft Unit –Gilgil - 081
8. Nakuru Mobile VCT- (August.2006) - 284
9. Machakos Mobile VCT (Sept.2006) - 247
10. Garissa Mobile VCT (Sept. 2006) - 103
11. Narok Mobile VCT (October-2006) - 295
12. Nyayo Stadium (October 2006) - 245
GRAND TOTAL 5,419
• Training of Clinical/Nurses
A total of 10 clinical/nurses have
been trained by NASCOP/ Ministry of Health in Dispensing
or administering ARTs/ ARVS and on Diagnostic counseling
• Training of Officers
in Handling Rape Survivors
200 Officers have been trained in
the management and Handling of Rape Survivors/cases.
The trainers were trainers from Nairobi Women Hospital.
The training of more officers will continue.
• Orientations of Deputy
A total of 237 senior Officers drawn
from Police Divisions and Police Stations have attended
orientation seminars on HIV and AIDS Programs.
• Peer Educators Supervisors
A total of 90 Officers drawn from
all the Provinces/Formations have been trained as
Peer Educators Supervisors
• Refresher seminars
for Peer Educators
Refresher seminars were conducted
-a one week refresher seminar in Western Province
attended by 47 officers and a one day seminar in Nakuru
attended by 30 officers.
• Awareness Campaigns/Sensitizing
A total of 3,000 recruits at Police
College– Kiganjo and GSU Training School were
sensitized on HIV and AIDS and majority volunteered
for counseling and testing.
• Construction of a
VCT Centre at KPC – Kiganjo
The construction of a VCT centre at
Kenya Police College Kiganjo is in progress and the
contractor is still on site.
• Development of workstations
policy document on HIV and AIDS
The Provincial/ Formation commanders,
senior officers at Police Headquarters gave their
input and the document has already been developed
and editing and printing in progress.
• Treatment, care and support
The officers who have come forward
for the drugs have been referred to appropriate referral
sites for ARTs /ARVs drugs. The drugs are now offered
free of charge in all Government Hospitals. The Ministry
of Health has approved our request to stock the drugs
at GSU Headquarters Health Centre immediately for
the Clients access. Other bigger police dispensaries
will collect the drugs from the said facility.
• World AIDS Day –
1st December- 2006
The Police will participate in this
years World AIDS Day and arrangements in all the Provinces
have been made for the officers to participate. The
procurement of T-shirts, banners and caps for use
by the officers on that day is in progress.
meetings with trained Peer Educators
The meetings have been conducted in
the Divisions in Coast Province, Western, Eastern
Provinces and parts of Rift Valley.
• Establishment of
Resource Centre at Police Headquarters
The resource centre has already been
established and reading materials- IEC and BCC are
stocked for dispatch from time to time to stations.
The VCT sites in Nairobi have also been stocked with
reading materials. The Police College and Anti-Stock
Gilgil VCT sites have also received few reading materials.
All the sites have been issued with TV sets and DVD
• Establishment of Data-Base
Centre at Police Headquarters
It has already been established and
data clerks trained.
• Training of more peer
The training of more Peer Educators
was done in September and October 2006 in the following
provinces as follows;-
Rift Valley – 60 officers trained
as peer educators and 30 officers trained in the management
of rape cases in Nakuru, and 30 officers trained as
Peer Educators in Eldoret
Coast Province- 60 officers trained
as peer educators in Kilifi district-( Officers drawn
from- Tana- River,Lamu, Malindi, Kilifi, Kwale and
Taita Taveta districts)
• Co-ordination of HIV
and AIDS programs/Partnerships
The ACU and Partners are coordinating
the programs in the provinces in-conjunction with
the Provincial /Divisional Sub- ACU.s. The partners
are supporting some of the on going programs- Mobile
VCT and Peer Education and Management of Rape Survivors
• Monitoring and Evaluation
The ACU secretariat, Provincial and
Divisional Sub- ACU’s Committee members participate
in the monitoring and evaluation programs.
The Police –ACU- is a member
of National AIDS Control Council Net-working committee.
The Department will continue with
more programs in the fight against HIV and AIDS especially
in the following areas;-
• Establish and refurbish more
VCT centers to in – Nakuru, Kakamega ,Kisumu,
Mombasa ,Garissa, Embu, Nyeri, Police Lines and CID
• Enhance access to ARTS/ARVS in big health
centres and support the infected or affected officers
and their families.
• Enhancing the mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS
programs into core fuctions.
• Improve behavior change through distribution
of bahaviour change communication materials and Information
Education communication materials.
• Acquire and continue distributing protective
materials- condoms, gloves etc.
• Purchase and distribute condoms dispensers
to big stations
• Training of more VCT Counselors and supervisors
• Train more officers in administering and dispensing
ART/ ARV drugs
• Strengthen PMCT and TB services at Police
dispensaries and VCT centres.
• Provision of more Mobile VCT Services
• Conduct more capacity building programs- peer
• Enhance the provision of counseling and testing
• Strengthen some Health facilities to Comprehensive
• Improve net-working systems
• Train more data clerks
• Continous monitoring and Evaluation programs
in the provinces and districts